Science Serving Maryland's Coasts

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Chesapeake Quarterly Magazine

Where Science Meets Policy (v.14, n.2)

chesapeake quarterly v14 n2 coverIn recent Bay history, relationships between scientists and policymakers, connections built on competence and character, have become important forces for environmental progress. This issue describes how these relationships have often evolved in unpredictable ways and provided avenues for scientific findings to inform and influence policy decisions — decisions that have helped to preserve the Bay’s blue crab population and clean up the Patuxent River, among other examples.

 

Come High Water: Sea Level Rise and Chesapeake Bay (v.13, nos. 2&3)

chesapeake quarterly v 13, n2-3 cover

This issue is part of a special in-depth report about the causes of sea level rise and coastal flooding in the Chesapeake Bay region and the effects on people and the environment.

Maryland is especially vulnerable to the effects of rising seas. The rate of relative sea level rise in the Mid-Atlantic region is higher than the global average. The state’s elevation is relatively low and land subsidence in the Chesapeake region is relatively high.

Chesapeake Quarterly, in partnership with the Bay Journal newspaper, published 15 online articles about this problem on a multimedia webpage that features dramatic photos, video interviews with local residents coping with coastal flooding, and an interactive map viewer showing effects at the local, neighborhood level. A subset of these articles appeared in this print issue of Chesapeake Quarterly. Maryland Sea Grant compiled all of the articles and associated images into a 72-page compilation that is available as a PDF download here.

Books

The Blue Crab: Callinectes Sapidus

Victor S. Kennedy and L. Eugene Cronin, editors. Order from our Book Store.

blue crab book coverThe blue crab is a significant U.S. commercial and recreational species that ranges from the Mid-Atlantic to the Gulf of Mexico. In Chesapeake Bay, the blue crab has become a regional symbol, as well as the Bay's most profitable seafood product.

Well-known marine biologists Victor Kennedy and the late Eugene Cronin, winner of the Mathias Medal, edited this 800-page volume and assembled scientists who are leaders in their respective fields of blue crab study to provide this first comprehensive overview of the science surrounding the blue crab.

The Blue Crab includes chapters on systematics; anatomy of larval, juvenile, and adult stages; molting and growth; reproduction; diseases and parasites; physiology; ecology of all life history stages; history of blue crab fisheries in the U.S.; and population dynamics.

Underwater Grasses in Chesapeake Bay & Mid-Atlantic Coastal Waters: Guide to Identifying Submerged Aquatic Vegetation

Peter W. Bergstrom, Robert F. Murphy, Michael D. Naylor, Ryan C. Davis, and Justin T. Reel. Order from our Book Store.

underwater grasses guide coverUnderwater grasses, or submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV), play a key role in the ecology of coastal waters, and especially in the Chesapeake Bay. These grasses help keep waters clear and provide habitat for blue crabs and fish, and food for waterfowl. Over the past several decades, clouded waters have blocked sunlight and smothered many SAV beds.

Efforts are currently underway to help map, study, and reestablish SAV in the Chesapeake and other coastal waters. To help citizen volunteers, students, and others interested in learning more about these plants, we produced this guide to underwater grasses in collaboration with NOAA’s Chesapeake Bay Office, the Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay, and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources.

Documentary Films

Who Killed Crassostrea Virginica?
 The Fall & Rise of Chesapeake Bay Oysters

Michael W. Fincham, Producer, Writer, and Director. Watch a trailer for the film. Order from our Book Store.

cover for who killed crassostrea virginicaThe Chesapeake was once home to the richest oyster grounds in the world. The native oyster, Crassostrea virginica, built massive reefs and filtered vast reaches of the Bay, removing algae and sediment. Then, the reefs became a mere shadow in the Bay’s past.

This film details both the poignant destruction of a fabled fishery and the prolonged scientific inquiry into the origins of a killer parasite. It peers toward a future where the Bay's oyster grounds may shrink to low-salinity areas where disease does not dominate, questioning if we can save both the oyster reefs and the oystermen.

The film was broadcast on Maryland Public Television annually from 2011 to 2014 as part of their Chesapeake Bay Week programming. The film has been shown at the RVA Environmental Film Festival in Richmond, the Annapolis Green Film Festival, and the DC Environmental Film Festival.

The Pfiesteria Files

Michael W. Fincham, Producer, Writer, and Director. Maryland Public Television, Co-Producer. Watch a trailer for the film. Order from our Book Store

cover for pfiesteria filesWhen watermen found wounded fish along a lonely river in Maryland, they kicked off a scientific debate and an environmental crisis focused on a mysterious microbe that may—or may not—cause sick fish and sick people.

The Pfiesteria Files follows all the players in this crisis—watermen and farmers, doctors and scientists and state officials—as well as the journalists who reported the story to an anxious public. It investigates the origins of the "Pfiesteria hysteria" that gripped much of the mid-Atlantic during the September fish kill season of 1997, and examines the dangers of toxic blooms in coastal waters around the country.

This film has won several awards, including a local Emmy for long-form documentaries and a World Gold Medal for the New York International Film and Television Festival.